Chicken Feeder: A Detailed Overview with Different Choices



As we therefore attempt to sew a chicken feeder the question may be asked, is it just a bowl or a container on the face of it? Absolutely not! It is crucial for a mother hen to choose right chicken feeders for her flock since it requires selecting the ideal one. The questions like “which chicken feeder should I get?” “Where should I place it?” “Will this feeder be adequate?” and “Is this material suitable?” are questions that need an answer before you make your purchase. Fortunately, we have created a holistic roadmap to assist you to overcome this significant decision-making process.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaways

  • Some of the most common feeders include the gravity feeder which is commonly used but quite slow to dispense the feed, treadle feeders which are fast but may allow the chickens to waste more feed, and the tube feeder which is a combination of both the gravity feeder and the treadle feeder.
  • The advantages of buying automatic chicken feeders are that users can avoid physically feeding the birds, but each feeder type comes with its fair share of advantages and disadvantages; nowadays, there are many brands offering various features.
  • Cooper, Gallagher, and Nicodemus (1997) established that the feeders differ from being made of plastic, metal, or wood – all with different properties such as durability and ease of cleaning in addition to cost.
  • Selecting an appropriate feeder can be done based on the size and volume, ease of filling and sanitation practices as well as how sturdy it is to accommodate the chickens.
  • Installation of chicken feeders is critical and should be accompanied by proper maintenance as highlighted hereunder with some vital procedures and tools, needed for this process.

Types of Chicken Feeders

Choosing the right chicken feeder is essential for ensuring your flock’s health, reducing waste, and making your poultry care routine more efficient. Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you make the best choice.

Types of Chicken Feeders

1. Gravity Feeders

  • Description: These feeders use gravity to dispense feed into a tray as the chickens eat.
  • Pros: Simple design, easy to refill, reduces spillage.
  • Cons: Can attract pests if not properly secured.

2. Treadle Feeders

  • Description: Equipped with a step plate that chickens step on to open the feeder and access the food.
  • Pros: Keeps feed clean and dry, prevents pests and wild birds from eating the feed.
  • Cons: Can be expensive, chickens need to learn how to use it.

3. Hanging Feeders

  • Description: Suspended off the ground, these feeders keep the feed elevated.
  • Pros: Reduces spillage and contamination, can be easily adjusted for height.
  • Cons: May swing if not properly secured, requiring regular refilling.

4. Automatic Feeders

  • Description: These feeders dispense feed at set intervals or quantities.
  • Pros: Saves time, ensures consistent feeding schedule.
  • Cons: Can be costly, relies on power or batteries.
  • Automatic feeders are ideal

5. DIY Feeders

  • Description: Homemade feeders using materials like PVC pipes or buckets.
  • Pros: Customizable, cost-effective.
  • Cons: May require more maintenance, not as durable as commercial options.

Materials Used in Chicken Feeders

Chicken feeders can be purchased in many designs and styles, with the primary aspect to be considered being the type of material utilized in its construction. As depicted differently, these material has its own merits and demerit on the aspects of durability, on the ability to clean and on the environment of the bird population of your flock. Here’s a detailed overview of common materials used in chicken feeders:Here’s a detailed overview of common materials used in chicken feeders:

1. Plastic


Plastic feeders are lightweight and come in a variety of shapes and sizes. They are often made from high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or similar durable plastics.


  • Lightweight: Easy to move and handle.
  • Corrosion-Resistant: Does not rust or corrode, making it ideal for humid environments.
  • Cost-Effective: Generally cheaper than metal feeders.
  • Easy to Clean: Smooth surfaces make cleaning straightforward.


  • Durability: May crack or become brittle over time, especially when exposed to UV rays.
  • Pest Attraction: Can be chewed by rodents if not properly secured.

2. Metal


Metal feeders are typically made from galvanized steel or aluminum, offering a sturdy and long-lasting option. Galvanized steel feeders


  • Durable: Resistant to damage from pecking and weather conditions.
  • Pest-Resistant: Hard for rodents to chew through.
  • Long-Lasting: Can withstand heavy use and harsh environments.


  • Weight: Heavier than plastic, which can make them harder to move.
  • Rust: Can rust if not properly treated or if the coating wears off.
  • Cost: Generally more expensive than plastic feeders.

3. Wood


Wooden feeders are less common but are sometimes used for DIY projects or rustic setups.


  • Aesthetic Appeal:Imitates natural feel, which can be easily integrated into gardens or farms where such vehicles are parked.
  • Customizable: It is also easy to customize and can easily be made to address certain needs or be adapted to address different ones as well.


  • Durability:
  • Maintenance: Needs periodic use of antiseptic, and chemicals to avoid formation of rot or attacks by pests.
  • Weight:They can be quite large and bulky to transport which could at times hamper their usage.

4. PVC


Many PVC feeders are homemade using PVC pipes and connectors The reason for this is that PVC feeders are normally homemade using pipes and connectors made of PVC.


  • Durable:Non-corrosive and is not affected by the natural annual weathering.
  • Customizable:
    Can be conveniently sliced or reshaped, or joined in different forms as required.
  • Lightweight: Easier to handle and move compared to metal.


  • Aesthetic: May not look as attractive as other materials.
  • Strength: Not as strong as metal, can be damaged if not properly supported.

Choosing the Right Material

When selecting a chicken feeder, consider the following:

  • Environment: Choose corrosion-resistant materials for humid or rainy climates.
  • Durability Needs: Metal may be better for larger, more aggressive flocks.
  • Budget: Plastic and PVC tend to be more affordable options.
  • Maintenance: Consider how easy it is to clean and maintain the material.

Choosing the Right Chicken Feeder

Size and Capacity Considerations

Selecting the right chicken feeders

Ease of Cleaning

A feeder that is easy to clean will save you time and effort. Look for designs that allow for quick disassembly and reassembly. Ease of cleaning is crucial to maintain the health of your flock and to prevent mold and bacteria buildup.

Durability and Longevity

There is an element that should never escape the attention and consideration of any buyer and these include the cost of the feeders and the cost of chicken feeders. Therefore, it is important to auspect for good feeders in offering higher quality at a reasonable cost.

Installation of Chicken Feeders

Step-by-Step Installation Guide

When installing a chicken feeder, it is important to choose a location that is easily accessible to the chickens but also protected from the weather. The feeder should be placed on a level surface and secured to prevent tipping or spilling. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for assembly and installation of the feeder.

  1. Choose a suitable location: Make sure the area or abode to be built is within reach of the chickens and protects them from unfavorable weather conditions.
  2. Assemble the feeder: It is advisable to heed to the directives provided by the manufacture since the instructions shall give clear guidelines on the proper manner in which the parts shall be installed.
  3. Secure the feeder: Put it on the flat ground and ensure that the item being moved does not tilt or fall over.

Tools Needed

  • Screwdriver
  • Wrench
  • Level
  • Measuring tape

Common Mistakes to Avoid

  • Hanging the feeder in an unsheltered place or where they are directly nailed to the tree or post.
  • Failure in fastening and securing the feeder enough to cause tipping or spilling over.
  •  Some of the hazards are as follows: Failure to adhere to the correct instructions provided by the

Maintenance of Chicken Feeders

.Regular maintenance

Benefits of Different Chicken Feeders

Advantages of Gravity Feeders

They also can also be purchased for relatively cheap prices and cannot really be compared to the efforts that is to be used on other equipment’s.

  • Consistent feeding schedule
  • Reduced waste
  • Can be used with different types of feed

Advantages of Automatic Feeders

health of the chickens.

Some key advantages are:

  • Time-saving
  • Consistent feeding
  • Reduced labor

Advantages of Tube Feeders

  • Minimal feed waste
  • Easy to refill
  • Suitable for various flock sizes

Drawbacks of Different Chicken Feeders

chicken feeder

Disadvantages of Gravity Feeders

drawbacks include:

  • • This makes it easy for feed to get contaminated particularly in those placed in a single container for a long time.
  • • Extent to which it can attract rodents and other pests
  •  I have observed that chickens sometimes scratch the floor and drop feed as well.

Disadvantages of Automatic Feeders

  • It is up to 15% more costly than other forms of feeders.
  • May develop some issue, or even stop dispensing feed that plays a key role in feeding the livestock an average of 87, 150 kg per year.

Disadvantages of Tube Feeders

Among the benefits are the fact that they come with lids and therefore will require frequent refilling; they are also very large and will be able to contain a lot of feed which will not compel the owner to fill them more often.

  • Limited capacity compared to other feeders
  • Can be difficult to clean thoroughly
  • May not be suitable for larger flocks
Overall, it is important to consider the benefits and drawbacks of different types of chicken feeders before making a decision. The best option will depend on individual needs and preferences.

Chicken Feeding Tips

Optimal Feeding Times routine is paramount in handling these animals and feeding them at the same time everyday is crucial. It’s preferable to make sure they have it throughout the day in the Morning and late afternoon This is helpful in enabling them to remain both healthy and fully functional in their working ability.

Preventing Feed Waste

Feed waste can be a significant issue if not managed properly. To minimize waste:

  • Use feeders that are designed to reduce spillage.
  • Avoid overfilling the feeders.
  • Ensure the feeder is at the right height for your chickens.

Ensuring Nutritional Balance

This is a very important factor because diet should be balanced in order to have a healthy flock of birds. Ensure that you offer pellets of grains, protein and supplements in equal proportions. Ensure that the nutritional value of the feed that will be given to your chickens is reviewed periodically so that it reflects positions of all the mature phases of the chickens.

Location of Chicken Feeders

Choosing the right location for your chicken feeder is crucial for ensuring your chickens have consistent access to food while minimizing waste and protecting the feed from external factors. Where you place the feeder can significantly impact its effectiveness and longevity.

Cost Considerations

Initial Investment

When purchasing a chicken feeder, the initial investment can vary significantly based on the type and material of the feeder. For instance, a simple DIY operation for raising and butchering 50 broiler birds can cost around $1,600. On the other hand, the average cost for a larger, more complex system for 100 birds is considerably higher. It’s essential to balance quality and affordability to avoid overspending.

Long-term Costs

Here, long term costs consist of costs that would be incurred on account of maintenance, regular/occasional repairs and, at times, replacements. Other feeders can be mechanical and when this is the case, they may need the use of electricity or batteries in their functioning, a cost that will continue to reoccur. Furthermore, it could be argued that certain feeders are costlier than others and while the initial expense is higher, in time, a user might end up paying less as the feeder is designed to be both durable and efficient.

Cost-Benefit Analysis

Other parameters include time that is spent when feeding the animals, how much feed is squandered, and the durability of the feeder.


At first, one might think that a chicken feeder refers to a simple bowl or a container that is filled with food — well, this is far from the truth! When it comes to your chickens, choosing the appropriate feeders is a significant decision any birding mother should make. Some of the questions that may need to be answered before the decision is made include: Which chicken feeder do I need to purchase? Should I get a large one or a small one? Where do you intend to fix it? Is it going to be larger enough to hold the food? Is the material used appropriate? Fortunately, we have gathered a collection of a compiled course that takes each of them step by step. guide to guide you through the different brands of chicken feeders and the types of materials that can be used in feeders From this article, you’ll learn about the various types of chicken feeders and their respective strengths and weaknesses. When choosing between the gravity feeders, treadle feeders, the tube feeders, and the automatic feeders, you should consider its size, the capacities, how it can be cleaned, and the durability, and how much it costs. Other important factors that can also be useful to understand are the proper fixing and also servicing frequently as well. After taking into account all these factors, one can offer the best feeding solution to his or her birds and they will always be healthy and happy.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a chicken feeder?

A chicken feeder is essentially a vessel designed to hold feed for chickens. It ensures that the feed is accessible to the chickens while minimizing waste and preventing the feed from being contaminated.

What are the different types of chicken feeders available?

There are several types of chicken feeders available, including gravity feeders, treadle feeders, tube feeders, and automatic feeders. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages.

How do I choose the right size feeder for my chickens?

Choosing the right size feeder depends on the number of chickens you have. Ensure that the feeder can hold enough feed to last at least a day and that multiple chickens can access it simultaneously without crowding.

What materials are commonly used in chicken feeders?

Chicken feeders are commonly made from plastic, metal, or wood. Each material has its own benefits, such as durability, ease of cleaning, and cost.

What are the benefits of using an automatic chicken feeder?

Automatic chicken feeders can save time and effort by dispensing feed at set intervals. They help ensure that chickens have a consistent supply of feed and can reduce waste by preventing overfeeding.

Where should I place my chicken feeder?

Chicken feeders can be placed either indoors or outdoors, depending on your setup. Ensure the location is dry, protected from the elements, and safe from predators.

How do I maintain my chicken feeder?

Regular maintenance includes cleaning the feeder to prevent mold and bacteria growth, checking for damage, and ensuring that moving parts (if any) are functioning properly. Seasonal maintenance might involve more thorough cleaning and repairs.

What are common mistakes to avoid when installing a chicken feeder?

Common mistakes include placing the feeder in an area prone to getting wet, not securing it properly, and not considering the height at which it is placed. Ensure the feeder is stable, accessible, and protected from the elements.


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